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The quantitative effect of chemical phosphate mobilization by carboxylate anions on P uptake by a single root. II. The importance of soil and plant parameters for uptake of mobilized P

  • Autor/in: Gerke, J., W. Römer, L. Beißner
  • Jahr: 2000
  • Zeitschrift: J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 163
  • Seite/n: 213-219


Model calculations were made in order to quantify the effect of carboxylate excretion on phosphate (P) uptake by a single root. The uptake of chemically mobilized P increased exponentially with increasing concentration of absorbed citrate or oxalate in soil because of the exponential relationship between adsorbed carboxylate and the solubilizing effect of carboxylate on P. The effect of local citrate excretion compared with uniform citrate excretion along the whole root was also calculated. Local exudation increased the uptake of chemically mobilized P because the higher con-centration of citrate increases the solubilization of P. Additionally the effect of citrate excretion by root clusters e.g. proteoid roots was evaluated. Uptake of chemically mobilized P by root clusters was much higher than that of single roots, especially if the ratio of P buffering to citrate buffering was high. This is often the case in P fixing soils where by definition P buffering is high and citrate buffering is low because of the short time of reaction between root excreted citrate and rhizosphere soil. The reason for the su-periority of cluster roots lies in the fact that most of the mobilized P is transported away from a single root to be absorbed by neighbouring roots in the cluster. This phenomenon demonstrates the strong ecological significance of cluster roots in relation to nutrient mobilization. The calculation on the effect of oxalate excreation by sugar beet roots on the uptake of mobilized P show that under P fixing conditions the influx of mobilized P will exceed that of P transported by diffusion to the root surface by factor of 1.5-6.0.
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