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Long-term tillage effects on the distribution of phosphorus fractions of loess soils in Germany

  • Autor/in: Piegholdt, C., D. Geisseler, H.-J. Koch, B. Ludwig
  • Jahr: 2013
  • Zeitschrift: J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 176
  • Seite/n: 217-226
  • Stichworte: conventional tillage P fractionation no-till inorganic and organic P pools P stocks
Gefunden in Abteilung Pflanzenbau

Abstract

Different tillage systems may affect P dynamics in soils due to differently distributed plant residues, different aggregate dynamics and erosion losses, but quantitative data are scarce. Objectives were to investigate the effect of tillage on the availability of P in a long-term field trial on loess soils (Phaeozems and Luvisols) initiated from 1990 to 1997. Four research sites in E and S Germany were established with a crop rotation consisting of two times winter wheat followed by sugar beet. The treatments were no-till (NT) without cultivation, except for seedbed preparation to a depth of 5 cm before sugar beet was sown and conventional tillage (CT) with mouldboard plowing down to 25–30 cm. Soil P was divided into different pools by a sequential extraction method, and total P (Pt) in the single P fractions was extracted by digesting the extracts of the fractionation to calculate the contents of organic P. The Pt content (792 mg [kg soil]–1) in the topsoil (0–5 cm) of NT was 15% higher compared to CT, while with increasing depth the Pt content decreased more under NT than under CT. This was also true for the other P fractions except for residual P. The higher P contents in the topsoil of NT presumably resulted from the shallower incorporation of harvest residues and fertilizer P compared to CT, whereas estimated soil losses and thus also P losses due to water erosion were only small for both treatments. Contents of oxalate-extractable Fe and organic C were positively related to the labile fractions of inorganic P, while there was a high correlation of the stable fractions with the clay contents and pH. Multiple regression analyses explained 50% of the variability of these P fractions. Overall, only small differences in the P fractions and availability were observed between the long-term tillage treatments.
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