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Integrated control of Heterodera schachtii Schmidt in Central Europe by trap crop cultivation, sugar beet variety choice and nematicide application

  • Autor/in: Hauer, M., H.-J. Koch, S. Krüssel, B. Märländer
  • Jahr: 2016
  • Zeitschrift: Applied Soil Ecology 99
  • Seite/n: 62-69

Abstract

An integrated strategy is required to control the sugar beet cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii which causes severe yield losses in sugar beet. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of trap crop cultivation (nematode resistant mustard, crop mixture (Trifolium alexandrinum L., Lupinus angustifolius L.,Pisum sativum L., Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth., Guizotia abyssinica (L.F.) Cass., Avena strigosa Schreb., Vicia sativa L.), straw mulch as control), nematicide application before sugar beet sowing and sugar beet variety (susceptible, tolerant or resistant to H. schachtii) on population dynamics of H. schachtii and sugar yield. Field experiments were conducted in eight environments (site year) located in Northern Germany in 2012–2013 and 2013–2014. An insufficient trap crop dry matter yield (1.1–2.5 t ha1) mostly led to nonsignificant trap crop effects on the nematode population whereas in one environment a high dry matter yield of mustard (3.3 t ha1) resulted in a nematode reduction of 40%. However, there were no significant differences to the straw mulch control. The nematicide application had no effect on nematode reproduction. In contrast, population dynamics of H. schachtii were strongly influenced by the sugar beet variety and the initial nematode population (PiSB). The highest reduction of 70% was achieved when a resistant sugar beet variety was grown, while the tolerant and susceptible varieties increased the nematode population in most environments. There was evidence that the sugar beet harvest date can highly influence population dynamics of H. schachtii. Sugar yield was influenced by variety and PiSB, but not by trap crop cultivation or nematicide application. Sugar yield decreased with increasing PiSB for all varieties. The resistant and tolerant varieties did not differ in sugar yield and response to H. schachtii, while the susceptible showed the steepest decline in sugar yield with increasing PiSB. The cultivation of the resistant sugar beet variety can be clearly suggested with respect to sugar yield and nematode control because all other tested factors failed to control the nematode population
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